Every year many cases of life threatening eating disorders are developing among the American population. An eating disorder is an illness that causes serious disturbances to your everyday diet, such as eating extremely small amounts of food or severely overeating (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/complete-index.shtml). More than 90 percent of these populations are between adolescent and young adult women. Statistics has shown, that women from this age group are more vulnerable to this condition, because their personal appearance and also due to their strict diets in order to achieve the ideal body. Researchers have linked the cause of eating disorders with personal perfectionism, low self-esteem, genetics, and family pressure with dieting and weight. In this research, I will explain the different types of existent conditions under the eating disorders which include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and the last found binge eating disorder (Drummond & Brefere, 2007).
Anorexia nervosa is the disease in where most adolescent and females intentionally starve themselves, involving extreme weight loss. People having this disorder are convinced they are overweight and sometimes they have to be hospitalized in order to prevent starvation. Symptoms from anorexia nervosa may include.
- Personal refuse to maintain body weight based on minimally normal weight for height, body structure, physical activity and age
- Intense fear of being fat
- Consciousness of overweight despite dramatic weight loss
- Loss of menstrual periods
- Extreme concern with body mass and shape
This illness can affect the heart, brain, bones, and skin; other damages to the body include the drop of breathing, pulse, and blood pressure. A person suffering from this condition has to be hospitalized under strict monitoring, including individual and family therapy (Drummond & Brefere, 2007). Also reducing or eliminating insufficient eating thoughts with the aid of a psychology (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/complete-index.shtml).
Bulimia Nervosa is the condition in where people tends to consume great amounts of food and then self-incorporating behaviors such as vomiting, abusing diuretics and exercising obsessively in order to maintain normal body weight. The typical symptoms are:
- Repeated episodes of vomiting
- Excessive eating beyond of comfortable fullness
- Self-induced vomiting, abuse of diet pills, excessive exercise, and fasting
- Self-concern with body weight and shape.
The condition of bulimia nervosa can be treated by a specialist from the eating disorder clinic, medications such as antidepressants and by a certified nutritionist or under the care of a physician.
Binge eating disorder is related to compulsive overeating, but is commonly linked as a mental disorder. To be diagnosed as a patient with binge disorder, the individual must binge at least twice a week in a period of six months. People with this condition suffer weigh problems and they have to be treated under the same condition to those used to treat bulimia nervosa. Psychotherapy can be offered in an individual or group environment.
Medication such as fluoxetine and other antidepressants may reduce binge-eating episodes and help lessen depression in some patients (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/complete-index.shtml).
Once again, the sooner the disorder is diagnosed, the better the probabilities are. The physician is responsible to determines whether the patient is a medical risk of what kind of treatment would be implemented. These disorders are commonly treated under the care of an internist, a nutritionist and the psychotherapist. These treatments
include family therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy and an adequate nutritional and balanced diet as well (Drummond & Brefere, 2007).